Spoke on BRI and China as a Global Actor at Senioruniversitetet Uppsala’s seminar serie on the Silk Roads and Japan – linkages between the East and the West [Sidenvägarna och Japan – länkar mellan öst och väst].
In my new article in Asian Perspective Capturing Power Shift in East Asia: Toward an Analytical Framework for Understanding “Soft Power” in Asian Perspective proposes an analytical framework for analyzing soft power that problematizes the rigid soft power/hard power binary. The framework proposes a way to understand soft power and the hard-soft spectrum of behavior that allows for the inclusion of economic power while still drawing a line between hard and soft power, where not all economic power is soft, but nor is it all hard. Open Access: https://doi.org/10.1353/apr.2020.0016
Mainstream International Relations (IR) theory has problems fully accounting for the regional dynamics of East Asia. This article explores whether the pursuit of soft power—a concept that has been given a prominent position in research on East Asian IR—can provide one piece of the puzzle for understanding East Asia’s regional dynamics. This article proposes an analytical framework for analyzing soft power that problematizes the rigid soft power/hard power binary. The framework proposes a way to understand soft power and the hard-soft spectrum of behavior that allows for the inclusion of economic power while still drawing a line between hard and soft power, where not all economic power is soft, but nor is it all hard. It is argued that to keep the concept of soft power relevant in the East Asian context economic power needs to be included. The line is drawn between economic coercion and economic inducement, arguing that when induced there is still a certain level of freedom as one can choose whether the payments or bribes offered are good enough for it to be worthwhile to change one’s preference and behavior. Coercion, in contrast, utilizes a different dynamic where the point is to force someone to do something they are unwilling to do.
On 14 September I participated in the EU-ROK strategic Dialogue organised by the Sofia Security Forum and the Korean Institute for Defence Analysis (KIDA). The Korean and European participants engaged in discussions on a wide range of issues of shared concern, including The dynamics of the security environment in NEA and Perspectives and challenges to the peace process on the Korean Peninsula.
On 2-3 Sep 2020 I was attending a webinar on “EU–China Relations in an Era of Connectivity”, co-organized by SIPRI and the China Institute of International Studies (CIIS).
The purpose of the webinars is to explore the extent to which EU–China relations have been evolving and may evolve in an era of connectivity. In particular, the webinars will focus on understanding the economic, political and strategic rationales that underpin connectivity agendas both in China and the EU and will explore pathways for promoting mutual interests.
Just published an RSIS Policty Report titled Building Peace and Prosperity – The Role of Elite Networks in ASEAN and Beyond.
This report explores how elite networks among ASEAN countries can contribute to peace and prosperity in the region. Indeed, the building of cross-border elite networks is particularly relevant today given the heightened tension in the region and beyond caused by the ongoing power shift from the West to the East, and from the United States and Japan to China. In fact, with today’s new challenges such as the Sino-US trade war and the ongoing pandemic, it is particularly important to ensure both formal and informal elite interactions among ASEAN members and with the broader Asia-Pacific region, as they can often work as “normal” even during uncertain times.
Citation: Weissmann, Mikael, Building Peace and Prosperity – The Role of Elite Networks in ASEAN and Beyond, RSIS Policy Report, July, 2020. Available at https://www.rsis.edu.sg/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/PR200730_Building-Peace-and-Prosperity.pdf
On 5 August I met with a delegation from the Chinese People’s Association for Peace and Disarmament (CPAPD) visiting the Swedish Institute of International Affairs.
We discussed and exchanged views on, among others, China’s relations with Europe, Sweden and the Nordic countries as well as European security and Europe’s role as a security actor.
This week I have been making a research visit to Beijing, China to have meeting with a number of Chinese experts at different universities and institutes to learn more about the Belt and Road Initiative and China’s foreign policy in the region and the world.
This week I will be conducting a visit to Singapore to work on a Special Issue on “Power, Narratives, and the role of third parties: Understanding Power (Shift) in East Asia” for Asian Perspective with my RSIS co-guest editor Dr Li Mingjiang. This issue is part of Prof. Linus Hagström and my Power Shift in East Asia project funded by the Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation.
I will also be visiting, among others, the East Asia Institute at National University of Singapore and the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS).
Now the official site of the Stockholm Belt and Road Observatory has been launched: https://www.ui.se/english/research/asia/SBRO
The Stockholm Belt and Road Observatory is an independent research network dedicated to questions arising in relation to the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and China’s growing global footprint.
Gathering expertise from several leading Swedish institutions, the observatory serves as a platform for collaboration and knowledge sharing for actors in academia, government, civil society and the business sector.
The observatory was officially launched at a seminar on 4 June, 2018. The event included discussions about how the BRI is impacting Sweden and Europe, how the BRI relates to Chinese global leadership, and how to handle challenges emerging from the BRI.